Does the paper make the reference or the reference make the paper?

Part of writing an academic paper involves reading related work in the related field (no way Sherlock, you say). Well I was doing just that when I encountered a problem. A journal paper referenced by another paper stated that the paper was to appear in a journal but never made it for some reason.

Let us look in depth to see if we can find if it did make it to the journal.The reference:

Wu, S. F., Chang, H. C., Jou, F., Wang, F., Gong, F., Sargor, C., Qu, D., and Cleaveland, R. 2001. JiNao: Design and implementation of a scalable intrusion detection system for the OSPF routing protocol. To appear in Journal of Computer Networks and ISDN Systems.

From the Journal paper :

Ning, P., Jajodia, S., and Wang, X. S. 2001. Abstraction-based intrusion detection in distributed environments. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. Secur. 4, 4 (Nov. 2001), 407-452.

You will notice that the referenced paper has a date (i.e. 2001). After doing a google.com search I came across CiteSeer’s entry of the paper:

http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/387416.html

The reference there is without a date too :

S.F. Wu, H.C. Chang, F. Jou, F. Wang, F. Gong, C. Sargor, D. Qu, and R. Cleaveland. JiNao: Design and implementation of a scalable intrusion detection  system for the OSPF routing protocol. To appear in Journal of Computer Networks and ISDN Systems

So I decided to lookup the Journal, it is often the case that a journal has an index of the papers published. After extensive searching I came across the following:

Journal of Computer Networks and ISDN Systems is catalogued on the ScienceDirect site:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01697552

Where the paper does not appear since the publications end on 14 December 1998 and the paper was written in the beginning of 1999. Another link provides more light on the matter.

http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journalbibliographicinfo.cws_home/505606/description

From this site we take away that:
The International Journal of Computer and Telecommunications Networking
Former title: Computer Networks and ISDN Systems

So after looking up The International Journal of Computer and Telecommunications Networking we are lead to the ACM.org site:

http://portal.acm.org/toc.cfm?id=J158&type=periodical&coll=GUIDE&dl=GUIDE&CFID=24777356&CFTOKEN=59896094

We it can be noted that this Journal picks up where the other left off. Once again after searching it the paper did not appear in the indexes.

This is a serious problem as the work has not been published in a Journal. The reason the work is referenced in numerous papers is mainly due to its availability on the Internet (now only available from CiteSeer) and the quality of work. Unfortunately it has not made an appearance in a Journal and I would imagine can not be used.

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3 Responses to Does the paper make the reference or the reference make the paper?

  1. Smock says:

    I imagine you could do the same as journal entries that are currently under editing/peer review, but not officially published in the latest journal yet ?

  2. Konstantinos Xynos says:

    I would advise that work under review or editing should not be used as a reference at all. Unless the document has made an online appearance and you reference that (i.e., the online version). Once the document has made its appearance in the journal then you can correctly reference it.

  3. Smock says:

    That’s what I’m saying – There are a lot of articles online by publishers such as elsevier which have not reached their final printed form, but yet are a valuable resource, and thus *should* be referenced, especially if you have felt you have gained by reading it! I think that is more important – even if you read something “written on the back of a fag packet” – if it helps you, then due credit should be given.

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